What are the most common toxic chemicals in drinking water?

86,153 Toxic chemicals are listed in databases maintained by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Only 90 of these are monitored by the EPA, and the rest have no legal restrictions. As a result, when your local municipality water district "passes" the EPA Standards.

You should be aware of what potentially toxic chemicals are present in the water you consume when drinking. As we discuss in this article, drinking water is filled with a number of chemicals that can affect your health. Using a media filter or reverse osmosis with a post-mineral cartridge is one way to remove these toxins from your drinking water.

What is water contamination?

Toxic chemicals enter our water supply and cause water contamination. There are many sources of these chemicals, such as industrial facilities, sewage treatment plants, neighbors' lawns, and agricultural runoff. Lead, mercury, arsenic, and chloroform are the most common toxic chemicals found in drinking water. If ingested, lead can cause serious health problems. Behavioral problems and cognitive impairments can result from even low levels of lead exposure in children. In addition to damaging the brain and nervous system, mercury is also a neurotoxin. Death can result from exposure to high levels of mercury. Several types of cancer have been linked to arsenic, including bladder, lung, skin, and kidney cancer. A Super Clean byproduct, chloroform, has been linked to liver, kidney, and bladder cancer.

Fluoride is said to be good for your teeth, but excess fluoride intake during tooth formation causes Dental fluorosis. Fluorosis of the enamel and primary dentin can only occur in childhood, so fluoride exposure (in connection with dental fluorosis) occurs during childhood. * (see below for resources). We can help you get rid of this toxic poison from your water.

If you are concerned about the quality of your water supply, you should be aware of these chemicals. Your local water utility or environmental health department will almost always obfuscate, or outright lie to you if you suspect your water may be contaminated. Ask the people of East Palestine, Ohio. You should generate an analysis of your EPA mandates
You can review what's in your drinking water with the Water Report.

What are the Most Common Toxic Chemicals in Drinking Water?

Drinking water contains a variety of toxic chemicals. Here are a few of the most common:

  1. Chlorine: Chlorine is often used as a Deodorize in water treatment plants. Despite being effective at killing Germs, it can also produce harmful byproducts like chloroform and dioxins.
  2. Fluoride: Fluoride is added to many public water supplies to prevent tooth decay. It is a neurotoxic substance. Recent epidemiological studies suggest fluoride is a neurotoxicant that reduces intelligence in humans In children, it is similar to toxic metals (lead, methylmercury, arsenic) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).
  3. Lead: It is possible for lead to enter drinking water through old pipes and fixtures. In addition to brain damage and kidney failure, it can cause serious health problems.
  4. Arsenic: Rocks and soil contain arsenic, a naturally occurring element. Drinking water can be contaminated by runoff from mines or industrial sites. Various cancers have been linked to arsenic exposure.


Health Effects of Contaminated Water

Health Effects of Contaminated Water
There are many health effects that can be caused by drinking contaminated water. Some of the more common ones include:

  • gastrointestinal illness
  • respiratory infections
  • skin infections
  • neurological disorders
  • reproductive problems

Can contaminated water also increase the risk of certain cancers?
Long-term exposure to arsenic, per the World Health Organization, can cause skin cancer, as well as cancer of the bladder and the lungs.

Hexavalent chromium in drinking water has been linked to certain stomach cancers. In December 2010, the Environmental Working Group released a report that found hexavalent chromium in the tap water of 31 of 35 U.S. cities tested. The highest levels were in Norman, Okla.; Honolulu, Hawaii; and Riverside, Calif. here are tens of thousands of other contaminants that cause cancer and other diseases.

How do You Remove Toxic Chemicals from Drinking Water?

Drinking water can contain toxic chemicals in a number of ways. It is possible that they are naturally occurring or that they are the result of human activity. In either case, these chemicals can pose a serious health risk.

Toxic chemicals can be removed from drinking water in several ways. Filtration, reverse osmosis, and distillation are the most common methods.

Water is filtered to remove impurities by passing it through a filter. Different types of filters are available on the market, each designed to remove different contaminants.

The most efficient process is reverse osmosis (RO). This method effectively removes 99% of all particulates in the water, including the healthy minerals.
We strongly suggest you use a post mineral cartridge to replace the healthy minerals that are lost.

The distillation process involves boiling water and then condensing the steam back into the water. Any impurities in the water are left behind.

Drinking water can be filtered or distilled to remove most toxic chemicals. Nevertheless, no method is 100% effective. Regularly testing your drinking water by a certified laboratory is the best way to ensure its safety.

www.etwlabs.com has been used by Life to check well water.

Does Water Media Filtration work

Does Media Filtration work?

Water filters remove impurities from water through physical barriers, chemical reactions, the exchange of ions, or biological processes. Drinking water, irrigation water, industrial water, and swimming pool water are all purified by filtration.

The goal of all water filtration systems is to provide clean, safe water. Activated carbon filters are the most common type of water filtration system. Activated carbon filters remove contaminants from water by adsorbing them.

Reverse osmosis is another type of water filtration system. To remove impurities from water, reverse osmosis filters use semi-permeable membranes. Household drinking water filtration systems are the most common type of reverse osmosis filter systems.

In industrial applications, reverse osmosis filters purify water for use in manufacturing processes. Reverse osmosis systems for industrial use are typically larger and more complex than those for residential use.

Water filtration systems ensure that your family has access to clean, safe water. Different types of systems are available, so it is important to choose one that fits your needs.

Post Mineral Cartridge for Reverse Osmosis (RO)

Using pressure, reverse osmosis (RO) removes contaminants from water by forcing water molecules through a semipermeable membrane. In addition to dissolved minerals, Germs, Pathogens, and even larger particles, RO systems can remove a wide variety of contaminants.

Post-mineral cartridges are often used in conjunction with RO systems. Calcium and magnesium are two minerals that can be lost during the RO process, and this type of cartridge helps to restore them. Coral Calcium post mineral cartridges are the best, as they contain over 70 minerals.

To remove any mineral dust from the filters of an RO system with a post-mineral cartridge, it is imperative to flush the system with clean water first. Let the system run for several minutes after flushing.


As a result, it is important to be aware of the toxic chemicals present in drinking water. Exposure to these chemicals can have devastating effects on our Family's health. You can reduce or eliminate these dangerous compounds from your household's drinking water by testing and treating your water. By taking the necessary steps now, you will help ensure a healthier future for yourself and those around you!

It only takes a fraction of a drop of a toxin like Dioxin to kill you, your family, and your pets. By burning vinyl chloride, the Norfolk Southern railroad made enough dioxin to kill every man, woman, child, and animal on the planet. Let's start by cleaning up your water!

First, visit www.lifewaterreport.com and know what’s in your water. Then look at the recommended filtration systems and decide what is right for your Family. If you have questions, call 808 425 0474 Hawaiian time zone

Resources and References:

Chronic Fluoride Toxicity: Dental Fluorosis - PMC – NCBI
Monogr Oral Sci. Author manuscript; available in PMC 2012 Sep 4.

Published in final edited form as:

Monogr Oral Sci. 2011; 22: 81–96.

Published online 2011 Jun 23. doi: 10.1159/000327028

PMCID: PMC3433161


PMID: 21701193

Arsenic World Health Organization

ACC (American Chemistry Council). 2010. Letter to the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment. June 17, 2010.

AWWARF (American Water Works Association Research Foundation, now the Water Research Foundation). 2004. Occurrence Survey of Boron and Hexavalent Chromium.

Anderson SA, Valentine JL, Fernando R, Sparacino CM, Collins B. 2002. Chromium accumulation in the tissues of rats, mice and guinea pigs exposed to sodium dichromate dihydrate in drinking water for twenty-one days. Toxicol Sci 66(Suppl 1): 138.

Beaumont JJ, Sedman RM, Reynolds SD, Sherman CD, Li LH, Howd RA, et al. 2008. Cancer mortality in a Chinese population exposed to hexavalent chromium in drinking water. Epidemiology 19(1): 12-23.

Borneff J, Engelhardt K, Griem W, Kunte H, Reichert J. 1968. [Carcinogens in water and soil. XXII. Mouse drinking water experiments with 3,4-benzopyrene and potassium chromate]. Arch Hyg Bakteriol 152(1): 45-53.

Brandt-Rauf P. 2006. Editorial retraction. Cancer mortality in a Chinese population exposed to hexavalent chromium in water. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 48(7): 749.

CDPH (California Department of Public Health). 2009. Chromium-6 in Drinking Water Sources: Sampling Results. California Department of Public Health, Sacramento, CA. February 17, 2009. Available at:www.cdph.ca.gov/certlic/drinkingwater/Pages/Chromium6sampling.aspx.

Costa M. 1997. Toxicity and carcinogenicity of Cr(VI) in animal models and humans. Critical Reviews in Toxicology 27(5): 431-442.

Donaldson RM, Jr., Barreras RF. 1966. Intestinal absorption of trace quantities of chromium. The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine 68(3): 484-493.

Donohue JM, Lipscomb JC. 2002. Health advisory values for drinking water contaminants and the methodology for determining acute exposure values. Sci Total Environ 288(1-2): 43-9.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2000. Hazard summary for chromium compounds. Available at:www.epa.gov/ttn/atw/hlthef/chromium.html.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2003. Six-Year Review 1 of Drinking Water Standards. EPA 815-F-03-001. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water. July 2003. Available at:www.epa.gov/safewater/review/first_review.html.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2009. Six-Year Review 2 Health Effects Assessment: Summary Report. EPA 822-R-09-006. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water. October 2009. Available at:www.epa.gov/safewater/review/second_review.html.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2010a. Toxicological Review of Hexavalent Chromium (CAS No. 18540-29-9) (External Review Draft). EPA/635/R-10/004A. September 2010. Available at:oaspub.epa.gov/eims/eimscomm.getfile?p\_download\_id=498712.

EPA (Environmental Protection Agency). 2010b. Drinking Water Contaminants. Available at:www.epa.gov/safewater/contaminants/index.html.

EWG (Environmental Working Group). 2005. Chrome-Plated Fraud: How PG&E's scientists-for-hire reversed findings of cancer study. Available at: www.ewg.org/erinbrockovichchromium6lawsuit/.

EWG (Environmental Working Group). 2006. Letter to JOEM. Available at: Letter to JOEM: Retract fraudulent chromium-6 paper.

EWG (Environmental Working Group). 2009. EWG’s Drinking Water Quality Analysis and Tap Water Database. Available at: EWG's Tap Water Database: What's in Your Drinking Water? | @ewg | #WaterSafety.

Finley BL, Kerger BD, Katona MW, Gargas ML, Corbett GC, Paustenbach DJ. 1997. Human ingestion of chromium (VI) in drinking water: pharmacokinetics following repeated exposure. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 142(1): 151-159.

Gwiazda R. 2008. Review of the document “Public Health Goal for hexavalent chromium in drinking water” Prepared by the Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment (OEHHA) of the California Environmental Protection Agency in January 2008: Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology Branch, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency. Available at:www.oehha.org/water/phg/pdf/Cr_Gwiazda090909.pdf.

IARC (International Agency for Research on Cancer). 1990. Chromium and chromium compounds. International Agency for Research on Cancer. IARC Monogr Eval Carcinog Risks Hum 49:49-214.

Kerger BD, Paustenbach DJ, Corbett GE, Finley BL. 1996. Absorption and elimination of trivalent and hexavalent chromium in humans following ingestion of a bolus dose in drinking water. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 141(1): 145-158.

Lai H, McNeill LS. 2006. Chromium redox chemistry in drinking water systems. J Environ Eng 132(8): 842-851.

McCarroll N, Keshava N, Chen J, Akerman G, Kligerman A, Rinde E. 2010. An evaluation of the mode of action framework for mutagenic carcinogens case study II: chromium (VI). Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis 51(2): 89-111.

NAS (National Academy of Sciences). 1993. Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children. Washington DC: National Academy Press.

NRC (National Research Council). 2008. Phthalates and Cumulative Risk Assessment: The Task Ahead. Available at: www.nap.edu/catalog/12528.html

NTP (National Toxicology Program). 2007. Actions on Draft NTP Technical Reports Reviewed by the NTP Board of Scientific Counselors Technical Reports Review Subcommittee, May 16-17, 2007, Minutes available at:ntp.niehs.nih.gov/files/TRRS\_MIns\_May\_2007\_bs8rgMW[1]1.pdf.

NTP (National Toxicology Program). 2008. NTP Technical Report on the Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Sodium Dichromate Dihydrate (CAS No. 7789-12-0) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Drinking Water Studies). NTP TR 546, NIH Publication No. 07-5887: National Toxicology Program, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: http://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/files/546\_web\_FINAL.pdf.

OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment). 2009. Draft Public Health Goal for Hexavalent Chromium in Drinking Water: Pesticide and Environmental Toxicology Branch, Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment, California Environmental Protection Agency. Available at:www.oehha.ca.gov/water/phg/pdf/Cr6PHGdraft082009.pdf.

OEHHA (Office of Environmental Health Hazard Assessment). 2010. Peer Review Comments regarding 2001 Draft Public Health Goal for Hexavalent Chromium in Drinking Water. Available at:www.oehha.ca.gov/water/phg/chrom092010.html.

USGS (United States Geological Survey). Mineral Commodity Summaries: Chromium. January 2010.

Zhang JD, Li S. 1997. Cancer mortality in a Chinese population exposed to hexavalent chromium in water. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine / American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 39(4): 315-319.

Zhang JD, Li XL. 1987. [Chromium pollution of soil and water in Jinzhou]. Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine] 21(5): 262-264.

Back to blog

Leave a comment

Please note, comments need to be approved before they are published.